Introduction(fabrication cost calculator Afra)
- source:YESCOM CNC Machining
What are Rivets?
A rivet is a mechanical fastener that is used to join two or more materials together. Rivets consist of a smooth cylindrical shaft with a head on one end. The rivet is inserted into pre-drilled holes in the materials being joined. The plain shaft end is then upset, or deformed, with a riveting hammer or rivet gun to form a second head and clamp the materials together.
Rivets come in a variety of materials, sizes, and designs to accommodate different applications and material thickness. Common materials for rivets include aluminum, steel, copper, and Monel (a nickel-copper alloy). Solid rivets are made entirely from the base material, while blind rivets contain an internal mandrel that is driven out when setting the rivet.
Key Properties and Advantages
Rivets offer several properties that make them advantageous for many applications:
- Strong and secure joint - The upsetting of the rivet shaft creates a tight clamping force to hold materials together. This creates a reliable, vibration-resistant connection.
- Quick installation - Rivets can be installed quickly and easily either by hand or with pneumatic tools, allowing for efficient fabrication and assembly.
- Permanent fastener - Once installed, rivets cannot be removed without drilling out the rivet body, making them tamper-resistant.
- Cost effective - Rivets are relatively inexpensive compared to other mechanical fasteners. Minimal hardware is required for installation.
- Versatility - With the variety of materials and designs, rivets can accommodate diverse applications and material combinations. Specialty rivets are available for unique needs.
- Weight savings - Rivets allow for lighter construction versus welding or bolting. This makes them ideal for transportation applications.
Common Uses of Rivets
Rivets serve as a versatile fastening technology and are used across many industries, including:
Aircraft and Aerospace
Rivets are extensively used in aircraft assembly. The simplicity, strength, and lightweight nature of rivets make them ideal for aviation applications. Rivets help connect aluminum fuselage skins, wing panels, engine nacelles, and other critical structures. Specialized aircraft rivets are designed to withstand vibration, fatigue, and extreme temperature fluctuations.
Beyond aircraft, rivets are commonly used in the manufacture of trucks, trains, boats, and cars. They may be used to assemble truck cabs and cargo bodies, railroad cars, ship hulls, and automobile chassis and body panels. Rivets provide reliable structure while minimizing weight.
Rivets have long been used in building construction to join beams, connect structural columns, assemble prefabricated panels, and affix metal roofs and siding. Rivets provide sturdy connections for structural framing and sheathing while allowing for quick field assembly. Stainless steel and copper rivets withstand weather exposure.
The assembly of heavy machinery for manufacturing, energy, and agriculture relies heavily on rivets to withstand vibration and loads. Piping systems, gear boxes, presses, and conveyor structures all use rivets for structural integrity. Larger diameter rivets are utilized for these heavy-duty connections.
Within computers, appliances, communications devices, and other electronics, rivets provide reliable, inexpensive fastening for outer casings and internal frames. Softer aluminum rivets minimize risks of electronics damage during assembly. Tiny rivets also fasten small circuit boards.
Rivets appear in a broad array of consumer products, often serving as an inexpensive fastener to assemble sheet metal enclosures and plastic components. Backpacks, pocket knives, cookware, furniture, household appliances, and bicycles all commonly incorporate rivets in their fabrication.
Clothing and Accessories
The classic five-pocket jeans design features copper rivets to reinforce critical stress points and prevent tearing. Rivets also durably fasten items like leather belts, wallets, purses, and shoes. Designers incorporate decorative rivets for aesthetic purposes on clothing, handbags, and jewelry.
Bridge and Building Design
Structural engineers rely on rivets to assemble critical joints in bridges, tunnels, dams, and large buildings. High-strength carbon steel rivets provide robust connections in structural columns and girders to resist seismic forces. Rivets also join corrugated steel bridge decking.
Ship hulls, decks, bulkheads, and other naval components are joined with high integrity riveted connections. The harsh marine environment demands extremely durable fasteners. Various metals are riveted in shipbuilding including steel, aluminum, and copper. Riveting remains a vital process in ship construction.
Boilers and Pressure Vessels
Rivets allow sections of boilers, tanks, piping, and other pressure vessels to be assembled leak-free. Copper and steel rivets withstand temperature fluctuations and corrosion in power plants. Precision riveting prevents costly high pressure leaks.
Oil and Gas Pipelines
Building oil and gas distribution systems requires rivets to connect pipe sections, valves, inline filters, and distribution components. Leak-proof piping joints are critical for safety. Hardened steel rivets maintain integrity throughout decades of service.
Railroad Track Construction
Rivets bolt together lengths of railway track to provide continuous running surfaces for trains. Sections of steel rail are joined using specialty track bolts and hardened steel rivets. These connections allow trains to run smoothly over miles of railroad.
From aircraft and appliances to bridges and blue jeans, rivets form an integral fastening technology across almost every manufacturing sector. While simple in concept, modern specialty rivets provide robust, reliable, and permanent fastening solutions. Riveting remains a vital assembly process that helps build our world. Whether the need is light weight on aircraft or heavy duty on oil pipelines, rivets rise to the challenge. CNC Milling CNC Machining